Gutenberg develops a printing press with movable type.
The technology enables the manufacture of high-quality
printed works at a fraction the cost of hand copying.
The first book produced by Gutenberg's printing press is
the "Gutenberg" 42-line Bible.
Manutius founds the Aldine Press in Venice.
Ortelius produces the first modern atlas, Theatrum
Orbis Terrarum. Recently, the mapbook became an
eBook when the Library of Congress American Memory
Project digitized the 70 maps and presented them on the
Pope becomes the first overpaid author, earning a 5,000L
fortune for his translation of the Iliad.
paper is produced commercially for the first time.
Lanston creates the first mechanical typesetting
machine, called monotype. Previous to his invention,
typesetting was done by hand at a rate of about 2,000
letters per hour. With monotype, letters were set at
6,000 per hour. |
writes World Brain. The World Brain is Wells'
vision of a vast print encyclopedia of all human
knowledge whose production company would become a new
institution for knowledge and education.
writes the essay, As We May Think, which
describes a device called the 'memex'. The memex is the
size of a desk, stores books and other materials on
microfilm, and has the ability to link and connect
passages among documents. |
coins the term 'hypertext'. Later he writes about his
utopian project Xanadu in which all the works of
the world are permanently stored in a universally
accessible repository. |
Marshall McLuhan predicts the coming impact and
potential profit of the merging of electronics and
creates a cardboard model of the Dynabook, a computer
with a million-pixel screen. Kay calls the visionary
device "something more like superpaper."
types the Declaration of Independence at the University
of Illinois. So begins Project Gutenberg, a free
computer classics library. Today the Gutenberg
collection totals 2,000 works. |
releases the popular science fiction novel, The
Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, in which
protagonist Ford Prefect researches the galaxy for a
vast electronic book called The Hitchhiker's
House Electronic Thesaurus is arguably the world's
first commercially available "electronic book."
Electronic Publishers embeds an electronic dictionary in
a handheld device, producing the first portable eBook.
Noble opens its first superstore. |
Discman is designed to display CD-ROM books on a
3.5-inch screen. |
begins selling print books on the web.
of Microsoft Reader with ClearType™ launches a
new era of reading on screen. |